01.04.2018 : Riga Hansa

Merchants from Northern Germany founded the trading spot Riga with its Dom(Cathedral), Petri Church, Holy Ghost Spital, Nicolai Church and St.Jacobi Church in the beginning of the 13th century. The city was empowered at that time by merchants from Luebeck, Wiesby, Soest and Muenster. Trade routes were going to the South-West to Koenigsberg/Kaliningrad and Elbing, to the East to Smolensk and Nowgorod and to the North to Reval/Tallin and Narwa.

Already in 1251, the first community was formed by Luebeck-merchants there; in 1413 for the first time, the name of the Schwarzhaeupter Guilde was mentioned. It's former headquarters and it's history were honoured by the UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.


10.03.2018 : The Hanseatic League

The German city of Luebeck - linked via the river Trave to the Baltic Sea - started to organize between 1161-1299 contracts between harbour cities to smooth trade-relations for shipments of merchandise around the Baltic Sea. One has to keep in mind that in those days there did not exist national states like in the 20th/21st centuries. The power was distributed between small kingdoms and strong cities in those days. In 1353, the first Hanse-City-Conference was institutionalized - comparable with the foundation of the EU: but on city-level!

The Hanse-City-Guilds established around the Baltic Sea "Hanse-Law" and similar city-structures. But also sculpturers and painters were used in those days by the local guilds and individual merchants to demonstrate their political and cultural status in the society.


10.02.2018 : Vikings

The history of the Scandinavian Vikings - also called "Rus" and branding the name "Russia" - could be segmented into three phases : (150 BC - 650 AC) , (650 -790 ) and (793-850). In the first phasis the Roman writer Tacitus reports about the amber-trade of the Vikings. The trade-function is also documented by the painter Nikolaj Rerich in 1902 by the picture with the title "Merchants from Oversea".

The second phasis was an expansion to the North Sea where city-names like "Wijk" remember of Viking-settlements ; in literature the Hervarar-Saga is a source of information about this perod. The image of the cruel warriors only started in the third phasis when Vikings attacked the UK/Irland and conquered in 845 Paris/France and Sevilla/Spain.

06.01.2018 : Baltic University Network

Being invited as a guest-speaker at the three ISMA-Conferences in Riga/Latvia Prof.Dr.B.Hallier also visited the new National Library also known as Gaismas Pils (Castle of Light) designed by the Latvian-American architect Gunnar Birkerts. The construction costs were about 193 million Euro - but on the other hand the building really is a dominant landmark on the Riga cityscape.

But the building is also an intertwine between the historical past and the future of the Baltic States. The historical outfit of a public event within the Library inspired Prof.Dr.B.Hallier to create a new Site connected with the European Retail Academy : a Baltic University Network (BUN). " It should help to bridge on the horizontal level universities around the Baltic Sea and on the other side to link knowledge of the past with knowledge for the future" he stated.

Designed by Alina Pukhovskaya 2005-2017 European Retail Academy
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