|10.10.2018 : Admiral Kruzenshtern
Adam Johann von Kruzenshtern (1770 - 1846) was a German-Baltic Admiral born in Estonia who from 1803-1806 was the Commander of the first Russian sailing expedition around the world. He is buried in the Cathedral of Tallinn. His life as well as that of his sons show that in the 19th century personalities from the Baltic served different governments changing several countries around that area.
After World War II the German Flying P-Liner Padua, built in 1926 in Bremerhaven, was taken by the Soviet Union and named "Kruzenshtern". Its home harbour changed from Riga/Latvia to Tallinn/Estonia and finally Kaliningrad/Königsberg/Russia. Twice the bark Kruzenshtern sailed the expedition route of 1803-1806. Prof.B.Hallier joined the sailing team several times under the Commanders Kolomenski, Sedow and Nowikow (see also LINK). For Hallier the bark is "an ambassador for peace - uniting different histories and playing host for trainees exploring the globe".
|10.09.2018 : Eremitage
The first art-collection of Zar Katharina II originates from Prussia/Germany. The textile merchant and owner of the "Aechte Porcelaine Manufacture" in Berlin, J.E.Gotzkowsky (1710-1775), bought in 1763 for the Prussian King Friedrich II 225 Dutch and Flamish paintings, which the King had ordered but due to the costs of the Seven-Years-War (1756-1763) between Austria and Prussia had been no longer affordable for Frederic II.
Gotzkowsky solved his own liquidity problem which derived from that situation by a deal with the Russian aristocrate W.S.Dolgoruki : the Russian got the paintings (passing them on to Katharina II in 1764) and Gotzkowski got in turn grain for the horses of Frederic II. Based on this initiative and the accumulation of art within the next two centuries now the Eremitage Gallery in the former Winter Palace in St.Petersburg attracts visitors from all over the world.
|15.08.2018 : Peter the Great
Zar Peter the Great (1672 - 1725) attacked the Baltic Superpower Sweden in the Great Nordic War ( 1700-1721) . His main ambition was to get for Russia a harbour entering the Baltic Sea - as the Russian alternative at that time was only Archangelsk which in winter was blocked by ice.
In 1703 St.Petersburg was founded at the mouth of the river Newa . Zar Peter himself went with a big delegation to Western Europe to learn in Zaandam/Netherland how to build trade ships ( see at the Photo) : the West was copied against the old system/habits derived from the traditional capital Moscow.
|15.07.2018 : The Wasa-Family
The Swedish Gustav Wasa was fighting against the Kalmar Union as that was dominated by Danmark. His family used the beginning protestantism to occupy catholic church-land - becoming by this the greatest land-owners of Sweden.
Gustav Adolf (1594 - 1632) became king in 1611 and was crowned in Uppsala in 1617. Internally he modernized Sweden extremely; externally he first was fighting Russia and Poland - and since 1628 he was engaged for the Protestants in the Great War 1618-1648. Within those fights he was killed in Luetzen/Germany. German cities at the Baltics like Stralsund had become Swedish under his reign.
|03.06.2018 : Kalmar Union
The Hanse-City-Club was also challenged by other Baltic-Sea-organizations like for example the Kalmar Union (1397 - 1523).
The city of Kalmar was the headquarter of a Kingdom uniting Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which at that time encluded the territory of Finland (castle-photo).
Even when the Kalmar Union lasted only a little bit longer than a century, it did have a great impact onto the ethnological behavior which we call today the Scandinavian profil. !