15.08.2018 : Peter the Great

Zar Peter the Great (1672 - 1725) attacked the Baltic Superpower Sweden in the Great Nordic War ( 1700-1721) . His main ambition was to get for Russia a harbour entering the Baltic Sea - as the Russian alternative at that time was only Archangelsk which in winter was blocked by ice.

In 1703 St.Petersburg was founded at the mouth of the river Newa . Zar Peter himself went with a big delegation to Western Europe to learn in Zaandam/Netherland how to build trade ships ( see at the Photo) : the West was copied against the old system/habits derived from the traditional capital Moscow.

15.07.2018 : The Wasa-Family

The Swedish Gustav Wasa was fighting against the Kalmar Union as that was dominated by Danmark. His family used the beginning protestantism to occupy catholic church-land - becoming by this the greatest land-owners of Sweden.

Gustav Adolf (1594 - 1632) became king in 1611 and was crowned in Uppsala in 1617. Internally he modernized Sweden extremely; externally he first was fighting Russia and Poland - and since 1628 he was engaged for the Protestants in the Great War 1618-1648. Within those fights he was killed in Luetzen/Germany. German cities at the Baltics like Stralsund had become Swedish under his reign.

03.06.2018 : Kalmar Union

The Hanse-City-Club was also challenged by other Baltic-Sea-organizations like for example the Kalmar Union (1397 - 1523). The city of Kalmar was the headquarter of a Kingdom uniting Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which at that time encluded the territory of Finland (castle-photo).

Even when the Kalmar Union lasted only a little bit longer than a century, it did have a great impact onto the ethnological behavior which we call today the Scandinavian profil. !


03.05.2018 : Reval / Tallinn

Estonia can be dated back to about 1230 - with its capital called Reval for many centuries and now Tallinn in memory of its Danish Emporer Waldemar. In 1230 about 200 traders from the German counties of Westfalia and Lower Saxony were asked to settle around the Castle: getting priviledges. Untill 1899 the language in Reval/Tallinn was German.

Still today, the old city has its impact of the Hanse Trade Organization - and 26 towers of its former defense wall do give a special flair to the town-center. In 1997 Tallinn was listed as an UNESCO World Heritage for an example for mediaeval Northern European city construction by the Hanse.


01.04.2018 : Riga Hansa

Merchants from Northern Germany founded the trading spot Riga with its Dom(Cathedral), Petri Church, Holy Ghost Spital, Nicolai Church and St.Jacobi Church in the beginning of the 13th century. The city was empowered at that time by merchants from Luebeck, Wiesby, Soest and Muenster. Trade routes were going to the South-West to Koenigsberg/Kaliningrad and Elbing, to the East to Smolensk and Nowgorod and to the North to Reval/Tallin and Narwa.

Already in 1251, the first community was formed by Luebeck-merchants there; in 1413 for the first time, the name of the Schwarzhaeupter Guilde was mentioned. It's former headquarters and it's history were honoured by the UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.


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