|03.06.2018 : Kalmar Union
The Hanse-City-Club was also challenged by other Baltic-Sea-organizations like for example the Kalmar Union (1397 - 1523).
The city of Kalmar was the headquarter of a Kingdom uniting Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which at that time encluded the territory of Finland (castle-photo).
Even when the Kalmar Union lasted only a little bit longer than a century, it did have a great impact onto the ethnological behavior which we call today the Scandinavian profil. !
|01.04.2018 : Riga Hansa
Merchants from Northern Germany founded the trading spot Riga with its Dom(Cathedral), Petri Church, Holy Ghost Spital, Nicolai Church and St.Jacobi Church in the beginning of the 13th century. The city was empowered at that time by merchants from Luebeck, Wiesby, Soest and Muenster. Trade routes were going to the South-West to Koenigsberg/Kaliningrad and Elbing, to the East to Smolensk and Nowgorod and to the North to Reval/Tallin and Narwa.
Already in 1251, the first community was formed by Luebeck-merchants there; in 1413 for the first time, the name of the Schwarzhaeupter Guilde was mentioned. It's former headquarters and it's history were honoured by the UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.